Soil threats are processes that could degrade (some of) the functions of soils and the services that soils provide. Examples of soil threats are: acidification, compaction, contamination (pollution), decline in soil organic matter, decline in soil biodiversity, desertification, erosion, flooding and water logging, landslides, salinization.

van den Elsen, E. et al. (2022) A framework to assess soil threats, soil functions and soil-based ecosystem services. EJP Soil – SERENA D2.1.

SoilCare Project (2023) Glossary. Available at: (Accessed: 10 July 2023).