The ability of the soil to supply essential plant nutrients and soil water in adequate amounts and proportions for plant growth and reproduction in the absence of toxic substances which may inhibit plant growth. Characterized by favourable chemical, physical, and biological properties as a habitat for plant growth.

LANDMARK (2018) Landmark Glossary. Available at: (Accessed: 10 July 2023).

van den Elsen, E. et al. (2022) A framework to assess soil threats, soil functions and soil-based ecosystem services. EJP Soil – SERENA D2.1.