The intrinsic capacity of a soil to deliver/fulfill soil functions.

Adapted from: Bouma, J. et al. (2017) ‘Soil Capability: Exploring the Functional Potentials of Soils’, in Global Soil Security. Springer, pp. 27–44. Available at:

From: Bünemann, E.K. et al. (2018) ‘Soil quality – A critical review’, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 120(January), pp. 105–125. Available at:

And from: Creamer, R.E. et al. (2022) ‘The life of soils: Integrating the who and how of multifunctionality’, Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 166, p. 108561. Available at: